With Reverend Raidou Hirota
QUESTION: What happens at the moment of death?

Reverend Hirota (RH)
:  When we look at life and death they appear different. But from Nichiren
Daishonin's point of view life and death are the same condition, there isn't any difference between
the two.

There are many people in this religion and in other religions who believe in reincarnation. After
person "A" dies some people believe person "A" will be reborn as person "A". In the
Daishonin recounts 17 different rebirths or past life stories of
Shakyamuni Buddha. In one of his
past lives Shakyamuni was
Bodhisattva Jofukyo, and in another past life Shakyamuni was Sessen
Doji. Daishonin restated in his
gosho what Shakyamuni had stated in the sutras. Because it is
written in both the
gosho and the sutras people have read about Shakyamuni's past lives. That's
why believers are confused, and believe that people will be reborn again, and again. It's a
misunderstanding. The telling of these stories was an expedient means of achieving an end quickly.
If it was used negatively (for the wrong purpose) it would be considered a lie. But when it is used to
facilitate understanding it's good. The purpose for telling these stories was to teach cause and effect
clearly. But the truth is, I will die and never be reborn as me again. I won't be born to the same
parents, in the same family, have the same friends, be born in the same place, during the same time
period. Because the environment exists in time and space, you can never be reborn in the same

The human body can be compared to this bottle of water that I'm holding. The form is there and
the content is there. If the body dies it would be like the bottle falling over or being destroyed and
the water spilling out. This water is never going to return to the way it was before. Water is water. It
runs down the mountains to the ocean, evaporates and becomes gas, condenses and becomes rain
or snow on the mountains, then flows back down to the ocean. It's a cycle. The property of
2O--never changes. But it is never again the same water, the same river, the same ocean.
The essence of water is
Namu-myoho-renge-kyo . When water changes form, its essence stays the
same. The same is true for human beings. Humans change form, but their essence never changes. It
will always be

If you look at two human eyes before and after death you notice the difference; that a change has
taken place -- a change from life to death. With the human body there is a difference between life
and death, but the essence of life never changes, not even in death. It's constant. It's always the
same. In death there is life, and in life there is death. It is a spirit that never dies. Even in death it is
alive. And of course, in life it's a life.

Believer 1: What happens to the essence after death?

Believer 2: Doesn't it transmigrate (change forms)?

RH: The essence itself doesn't change. It just takes on a different form.

Believer 1: When it takes a different form, what determines what that form is? Is it the past causes
of the life? It is the karma? You don't necessarily come back as a human?

Believer 3: Where is this essence?

RH: It's there. This leads back to the discussion of ichinen sanzen. This discussion is becoming
way too philosophical. No matter how many times or how many ways I answer the question, it will
lead to another question, then another, and another. You can never get to the answer. It is the
concept of
ichinen sanzen (a single mind contains three thousand realms,or everything) that you
have to grasp. We are all connected no matter what our shape or form. We are all one.

Believer 2: I don't understand this, and I don't understand how you can turn the light on about it
and make it clear.

Believer 1: The gosho constantly talks about you practicing to be enlightened in this life and for
your enlightenment in the next life, and good fortune in your next life. There's a sense of continuity
there. If you practice now you assure your enlightenment in the future. It's not that you start over
again. It's not that it's up to chance. It's a continuation.

Believer 2: I think that's true. But when you ask what form are you going to come back as? We
know Rev. Hirota is never going to come back as himself.
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